Q Club

The defeat of the «Nabucco» urges Washington to new activities in the Caspian Sea

Senate of the United States seriously engaged in the construction of new routes of energy resources from the Caspian Sea region to the EU market.

According to the sources of global exploration Geostrategy, in early September 2013 U.S. lawmakers will be put before the Administration of U.S. President Barack Obama has a number of practical issues designed to intensify the process of energy supplies from the Caspian Sea region to the European market. In particular, it is expected that the U.S. Congress will make the end of the year as follows:

• appeal to the State Department of the United States with a proposal to restore the position of Special Agent for Eurasian energy security (the US Envoy for Eurasian Energy Security). This initiative is linked with Washington's desire to obtain additional volumes of oil and gas from Turkmenistan and Iraq for the purpose of sale on the European market. Representatives believe that the Special Commissioner shall have the authority of the Ambassador, which will provide for a direct access to the Secretary of State John Kerry;

• The Senate put the issue of finding ways to promote Azeri energy company SOCAR to more active discussion of technical and operational development of offshore gas condensate Shah Deniz field in Azerbaijan, located in the southwestern part of the Caspian Sea at a distance of about 70 kilometers from Baku. Recall that the total deposits of the deposit are estimated at about 1.2 trillion cubic meters of gas and 240 million tons of gas condensate. Once in July 2013 the European Union has recognized the priority for a project Trans-Adriatic pipeline to export Azerbaijani gas to the EU market, talk about the implementation of other inherently project «Nabucco» were buried. So now, Washington should help the EU to find a way to ensure energy supplies from the Caspian Sea. Recall that in 2011, Azerbaijan has undertaken to provide export 10 billion cubic meters of gas to the EU market;

• Analysis of global exploration Geostrategy also expect that in the second half of 2013, the U.S. side in the talks with Turkey will insist on the need to involve existing facilities of one of the leading operators in Turkish company Botas gas networks in the project of gas supplies to Europe via the Trans-Adriatic pipeline. Weight and influence of the Turkish company Botas was demonstrated earlier this year when the Russian company BosphorusGaz, which is a subsidiary unit of Gazprom refused to carry 700 million cubic meters. meters of Russian gas through the gas transportation system in Turkey. Turkish operator explained his decision infrastructural difficulties and mismatch proposals BosphorusGaz its energy interests;

• it is expected that soon the Americans in negotiations with the Azerbaijani side will require Baku guaranteed admission and pumping gas from Turkmenistan and Iraq, aiming to Europe via Azerbaijan transportation infrastructure. So far unidentified financial and possible political demands that Washington would discuss with his Azeri counterpart;

• Turkey also asked to develop a more dynamic internal system for making and transporting liquefied natural gas (LNG), which in the future may be supplied from Turkmenistan to Azerbaijan, Iraq and even Iran. In turn, the United States will offer services Azerbaijani American Trade and Development Agency (the US Trade and Development Agency), which will help close the technology issues and financial nature;

• as Americans are going to take place in the second half of 2013, negotiations with the representatives of Turkmenistan on the need to reform the national Turkmen legislation establishing more favorable conditions for attracting foreign investment in this sector enerhovydobuvnyy Central Asia states;

• At the same time, Americans are going to increase pressure on the European Union, in the first place — in Germany, in order to encourage Berlin — as a major European consumer of natural gas — to hold bilateral talks with Turkmenistan in terms of liberalization of the energy sector of the country.

The importance of the United States implementation of the project to ensure energy supplies from the Caspian Sea region to the European market further confirmed by the fact that the U.S. Congress, while drafting the new package of economic sanctions against Iran, not included Iranian Company Oil Industries Engineering & Construction, which is responsible for the development of gas Shah Deniz, the list of companies to be sanctioned. So American politicians demonstrate awareness of the geopolitical importance of diversifying energy supplies to the European Union market. Which in practice means the continuation of the cut-off of Russian gas to the European market.

NATO and Gas

American legislature also intends to intensify in the second half of 2013 the work of the Law «On liquefied gas for NATO”, which will be amended section 3 of the natural gas. This legislation will export liquefied natural gas from the U.S., NATO member states without any licenses.
As conceived by U.S. legislators, it will Allies who have contracts with Gazprom on gas, not to prolong their effect upon the expiration of agreements.

Will accept West coming third President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev?

From the above information it is clear that Azerbaijan plans to the European Union and the United States today is a special place.
Joy Brussels after the election in July this year Trans pipeline as the cornerstone of his energy policy was evident. And that's understandable. After failed attempts in recent years to implement the project «Nabucco» will not allow Europe to reduce the critical dependence on Russian energy.
Now supposedly clearer picture. And the first place goes Azerbaijan, which plays the role of the so-called Caspian energy hub through which energy from the Caspian Sea will be sent to the EU market.

Analysts of Geostrategy believe that this alignment Baku became a great political gift. Why?

The answer lies in the fact that the current President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev has committed to fall this year for the third time be re-elected to the presidency of the country. This opportunity it provided constitutional changes made as a result of a referendum in 2009.

Then West harshly criticized the desire of the current President of Azerbaijan for the third time to stay in office. However, the geopolitical realities pidihraly Ilham Aliyev. Politicians in Brussels and Washington, knowing their own needs for energy, now forced to turn a blind eye to the manipulation of the Basic Law of Azerbaijan. Obviously, in October 2013, when the country held presidential elections, the U.S. and the EU subjected to critique the course and the atmosphere of the campaign, however, recognize the legitimacy of President Ilham Aliyev.

The dynamics of dialogue through the West — Azerbaijan is also interested in Ukrainian politicians, especially President Viktor Yanukovych. Since he, as well as Azerbaijani President will need to achieve to the West in 2015 recognized the legitimate results of the Ukrainian presidential election.

Source: «Geostrategy»